More information on Metabolic Syndrome X and related disorders
30% of the American population is insulin resistant. Some studies estimate as high as 50%.
20% of children under the age of 17 are thought to be insulin resistant.
90% of Type II Diabetics are overweight.
50% of Type II Diabetics die from heart disease.
One in Three Diabetics Go Undiagnosed
Although diabetes testing is recommended every 3 years beginning at age 45, there is a 33% chance that you have diabetes and don’t know it. Or worse yet, it could be several years before you find out.
Florence J. Dallo, MPH, and Susan C. Weller, PhD, from the University of Texas/Galveston suggest that every case of type 2 diabetes could be diagnosed, using current guidelines, if everyone made regular visits to their doctor, especially those in high risk groups.
High risk groups include:
- All African-,Hispanic-, Native-, Asian-, and Pacific Americans.
- Women who had gestational diabetes and/or given birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds.
- Anyone who is overweight ( BMI over 25).
- Someone whose first degree relatives ( mother, father, sister, brother) have diabetes.
- Having blood pressure over 140/90.
- Having HDL (good) cholesterol under 35 and/or triglycerides of 250 or more.
- Having a fasting blood sugar level of 100-125. Over 126 is considered diabetes.
What to do? If you have 2 or more risk factors (or if you don’t know what your numbers are), see your doctor!
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- Try to eat foods as close to their natural state as possible. If you can’t easily tell what the ingredients are, you probably shouldn’t eat it.
- NEVER EAT AN UNOPPOSED CARBOHYDRATE. If you choose to eat a piece of fruit (carb.), balance it with some cheese (protein).
“Research presented at the 63rd Annual Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association, held June 13-17, 2004 in New Orleans, concluded that metformin, a standard ‘insulin-sensitizer’ prescribed for type 2 diabetes, can decrease proinflammatory components in the bloodstream linked to heart disease in people with diabetes or obesity.”
This is an important link between the use of metformin (Glucophage, Glucotrol, etc.) and the treatment of Metabolic Syndrome X.
Source: American Diabetes Association Diabetes E-News Now Newsletter
Diabetics with Symptomless Heart Disease
Decrease blood flow to the heart, but no symptoms, affect more that 20% of diabetics.
Myocardial ischemia is a serious condition that occurs when the heart doesn’t receive enough blood to meet its metabolic needs, usually due to plaque build-up in the coronary arteries. It is considered to be “silent” when there are no symptoms.
Analyzing 522 patients with type 2 diabetes and no suggestion of heart problems, Dr. Frans J. Th Wackers from Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, found that 22 percent of the patients studied had myocardial ischemia.
“I suspect that is the real world, the (rate) of silent ischemia is even higher,” Wackers said, “Our study shows again that diabetes is a very serious risk factor for heart disease.
SOURCE: Diabetes Care, August 2004
- Researchers have found that an egg muffin and hash brown breakfast dramatically raises inflammation markers in the blood for up to four hours after eating the meal
Diabetics get periodontal disease at a rate three to four times higher than people without diabetes.
- Between 50% and 75% of people with type 2 diabetes have high blood pressure, 20% smoke and 45% to 60% have coronary artery disease.
In a study of 50,000 people in 301 hospitals, they found the overall death rate after being treated for a heart attack or chest pain was lowest in the Northeast, 40% higher in the West, 42% higher in the Midwest, and 33% higher in the South.
Source: American Heart Association’s 5th annual Scientific Forum on Quality Care and Outcomes Research in Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke, Washington, D.C. May 16-17, 2004
Gender Differences in Heart Attack Warning Signs
Besides underestimating the severity if their symptoms as a warning sign of impending heart attack, women’s symptoms themselves often differ from men.
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Shortness of breath
In addition to these, women often experience:
If you experience chest pain and/or a combination of any of these other symptoms, get to the hospital immediately.
Feeling sick? Be careful before you reach for that over the counter medication. Cough syrups can contain sugars, cold medications can contain alcohol, and combinations of over the counter meds can interact with your prescription medications.
Before you reach for that package or bottle, read the ingredients label, or better yet, ask the pharmacist or your doctor for specific recommendations.
Two Studies-You Decide
In a recent study, it was found that caffeine worsened type 2 diabetes by elevating blood glucose levels. In a study earlier this year, it found that 4 cups of caffeinated coffee a day reduced the risk of diabetes by 50%.
Recommendation? If you’re already diabetic, nix the caffeine, but if you’re notódrink away!
- Only one-third of people with high blood pressure, a major risk for heart disease and stroke, have it under control.
- 64% of adults aged 20 and older are overweight or obese, a 20% increase from the early 1060’s.
- In pre-teens and teenagers, 14% are overweight/obese compared to about 4% 40 years ago.
- Reducing salt intake consistently reduces blood pressure regardless of race, ethnicity, gender, age, or previous blood pressure level.
All About Your Eyes
- Eating foods rich in Vitamin A can improve your vision. Great source of Vitamin A are:
Dark green vegetables, like kale, chard and mustard greens
- Bright sunlight can damage the macula, which is the part of the eye where your vision is most acute.
- Eggs contain lutein, an important antioxident that protects the optic nerve and helps prvent eye damage.
Children who have blood pressure readings in the 90th – 95th percentile for their age have pre-hypertension, which means that now is the time for intervention. It’s estimated that between 1% and 3% of children and adolescents may have high blood pressure.
Drinking In The Fat
A recent study published in the Journal of Pediatrics found that 30 children, ages 6 to 13, who drank more than 16oz. of sweetened drinks and juice daily, also drank 4 fewer ounces of milk per day, That translates into 20% less phosphorus, 19% less protein and magnesium, 16% less calcium, and 10% less vitamin A daily.
These children consumed, on average, 244 more calories each day, which led to a weight gain of 2.5 pounds during the 8 week study. Children who drank 6-16oz. gained 0.7 to 1 pound. Over a the course of a year, this could mean a weight gain of as much as 15 pounds!
The answer is to have milk at meals without sweetened alternatives. When milk was offered at meals without offering sugary drinks, milk was consumed 98% of the time.
SOURCE: The Journal of Pediatrics, June 2003.
The information provided on this website is intended for your general knowledge only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting with a qualified health professional. Please contact your health care provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your condition.