Coronary Heart Disease
Although many people think of them as the same thing, heart disease and cardiovascular disease (CVD) involve different parts of your body.
Diseases of the heart and the blood vessel system within the heart. Coronary heart disease (or coronary artery disease), the most common form of heart disease, affects the blood vessels (or coronary arteries) of the heart. It causes angina (chest pain) and heart attacks.
“Cardio” refers to the heart and “vascular” refers to the blood vessel system (arteries, capillaries, veins), within a person’s body, which includes the brain, legs, and lungs. Atherosclerosis is a type of arteriosclerosis (thickening and hardening of the arteries). As we age some hardening of the arteries can occur naturally. When you have atherosclerosis, the inner walls of the arteries become narrower due to the build-up of plaque. Plaque results from deposits of fat, cholesterol and other substances. Blood clots form, which can block the blood flow and lead to heart attacks and strokes.